All types of diabetes are serious and can result in acute and long term complications that impact the quality and length of a patient’s life. A person who is suffering from Diabetes needs to understand his body, why and what is the reason for his body to behave in such a way. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic progressive metabolic disorder where a person has high blood glucose level mainly due to absolute (Type 1 DM) or relative (Type 2 DM) deficiency of insulin hormone. Understanding of diabetes will not come in a day, it has to be continues process where one keeps on learning and changing his behaviour to manage diabetes for lifetime.
There is a strong needs for diabetic patients to understand the importance of limiting their glycemic control along with preventing complications which can lead to disability and rehabilitation. There are certain points which can help in self-care behaviour of diabetic people
1. Understanding diabetes disease and treatment options.
2. Changing to nutritional management – There is no ‘One size fits all’ diet plan, develop your own healthy eating plan
3. Changing life style by being more physically active – join sports club, gym, swimming, dancing or simple walking will also do. 90 min per week of physical activity.
4. Blood glucose monitoring and other parameters and understanding and interpreting the results for self-management.
5. Medicines on time, preventing, detecting and treating acute or chronic complications
6. Good understanding of the problem, developing personal strategies to overcome diabetes
7. Risk reduction behaviour
A certified diabetic educator can help in this, she is a person who has specialized knowledge and practical experience in diabetes education. She will help in planning, implementing and ongoing evaluation.